Phenomenon-based learning is a cutting edge approach to education pioneered in Finland. In this approach, a classroom observes a real-life scenario or phenomenon and analyzes it through an interdisciplinary approach.” The observation is not limited to one single point of view; the phenomena are instead studied holistically from different points of view, crossing the boundaries between subjects naturally and integrating different subjects.
Examples of phenomena can include such topics as climate change, media and technology, water or energy. One example could be the questions students have about a topic such as the importance of the European Union. To answer these questions knowledge and skills from economics, history, geography and languages are to be integrated. This differs from the traditional school subjects, where the things studied are often split into relatively small, separate parts.